Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to treat back pain and inflammation. When this is not enough, narcotics may be used to treat acute pain. Narcotics do not fight inflammation, so, an NSAID may be prescribed also.
For centuries, opiods have been used to relieve pain. Opiods are derived from the poppy plant. Morphine and codeine are made from opium.
Opiods relieve pain by attaching to the opiod receptors. These receptors are specific proteins in the brain, spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. Opiods stop pain signals from reaching the brain. Not only do they stop this transmission, but they also alter the way the brain perceives pain.
There are great side effects that come with opiods. Patient’s past drug experiences and the mental state of the patient can all have an affect on the success of the drug. Also, the amount taken can be a factor.
Constantly taking opiods can lead to a tolerance of the drug, which means higher doses are needed to be as effective as the initial dose.
When the body becomes use to the opiods, withdrawal symptoms happen when a patient cuts back the dosage or stops completely.
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